Quality of warhead triggers questioned

It meant the warheads, after testing that makes the original trigger unsuitable for reuse, could be reassembled with a new trigger and put back into service.. halted in 1992, and through a different process than the replacements. This process is viewed by metallurgists as producing a stronger product.

Since last summer’s announcement, the Los Alamos lab has made 10 additional W88 triggers. The original triggers were made with the benefit of underground nuclear testing, which the U.S.

“With this large number of waivers, how is it possible to objectively tell whether the pit will even work?” said Danielle Brian, executive director of the group that monitors nuclear weapons-related activities. Such approval means they are ready to use.

Last summer, the first replacement plutonium trigger in 18 years received “diamond stamp” approval signaling it was ready for use in a warhead. She posed that question in a letter last Friday to Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman.

Because the United States no longer conducts underground nuclear tests, the Los Alamos scientists had to rely on other sources to replicate the original triggers and guarantee that the replacements would be as reliable as the old. The result is a a massive hydrogen blast.

Any variation or flaw in the pit could cause a warhead not to detonate properly or to detonate with less explosive power than expected.

Precise manufacture of the trigger is essential.

The new ones were made by using a mold to cast the grapefruit-size plutonium sphere. To scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, that was a milestone to celebrate. So far, nine have earned the “diamond stamp” from the National Nuclear Security Administration, which oversees the lab’s programs. These means included small-scale plutonium tests, technical data from past underground tests, and computer codes and models.

A watchdog group now is raising questions about whether the replacement triggers, also known as pits, can be guaranteed to be as reliable as those already in some 400 W88 warheads. The scientist spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the issue.

In a warhead’s detonation, a conventional explosive packaged around the pit compresses the plutonium inward, creating enough pressure for an atomic chain reaction. For years, however, testing the warhead’s components to ensure the weapon produces the intended blast instead of a fizzle has been complicated by a lack of replacement plutonium triggers.

At least one other replacement pit required 71 specification waivers, a Los Alamos scientist indirectly involved in the production process told The Associated Press. That, in turn, creates the high temperatures and pressure to ignite a “secondary” nuclear component. The original triggers, all made at the now-closed Rocky Flats facility in Colorado, were hammered into precise form. The last of the original triggers were manufactured in the late 1980s.

The government acknowledges differences between the old triggers and their replacements.

The Project on Government Oversight says it was told by some Los Alamos scientists that the trigger certified last July and known as the W88 pit needed 72 waivers from the specifications used for the original triggers, including 53 engineering-related changes.

Resting atop the Trident II missile, the W88 warhead is among the mainstays of the country’s submarine-based nuclear arsenal

Factory overhaul of systems of the bundeswehr leopard 2 mbt w88.

The benefit period

begins with the assignment and ends at the end of the repair capacity of

all the contractor supplied systems.

Contract notice: Factory overhaul of systems of the bundeswehr

leopard 2 mbt w88.

Tender documents : T18280446.html

Copyright 2013 Gale, Cengage Learning.

2013 Al Bawaba (Albawaba.com)


COPYRIGHT 2013 Al Bawaba (Middle East) Ltd.

No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.

Time limit for receipt of tenders or requests to participate:

22.10.2013 – 17:00

The framework agreement covers the maintenance of the system of

2014 MBT Leopard 2 in the maintenance stage 4 with the following

material supply numbers (VERSNR) 2350-12-327-6832 : 2350-12-349-5239 :

2350-12-356-1326 : 2350-12-363-9656 : The total amount listed under

point II.2.1) is the forecasted amount for 12 months. All rights reserved.

Provided by Syndigate.info an Albawaba.com company

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drawn up:


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What are your best frugal living tips? (Weekly Topic Inspiration)

Make it a festive occasion.

Live on less. for things you want. Get ideas from magazines, online.

Discard the credit card – use a debit card, if needed. you will feel the ‘pain’ of the immediacy of that money spent.

Buy as many items ‘on sale’ or ‘reduced’ as possible. Make a ‘hobby’ of it.

Look for the discounted items.

Ask for discount.

Look for the ‘free’ items. By not going to the store for these items you will make better use of your time, energy and ingredients.

Bake your own items – bread, cakes, pies etc. Everything homemade tastes better, so therefore, i believe, your needs are more satisfied.

Re-vamp old items into ‘new’ furniture, clothes, curtains, cushions. That way you can ‘track’ your money.

Grow your own veg, fruit, keep hens, ducks, poultry – even in a small space. Make a hobby of it.

Swap unused items with friends, neighbors etc. I agree with the hubber who says – write down every single penny spent. Make a philosophy of it.

Who killed John F. Kennedy?

well obviously Lee Harvey Oswald took the “fall”

even though his gun sites s=were so “off” he would have a hard time hitting the CAR let alone the man, also the bolyt action on his riffel would not recaulk as fast as the bullets were fired on the films, (he is still the blame). there was a second shooter, (I don t think Oswald knew) but the (other shooter) was at the grassy knoll, (theory has it maffia from the booze running, or the cia or the cubans) but I doubt history books will ever be changed!

A Self Described Homebody Travels to Las Vegas

It has, after all, come to a shock to me and to those people close enough to me to know that I, in all intents and purposes, really don’t like to travel beyond my 5 mile radius. Don’t know much about this hotel, other then what is written in the caption. I feel, that for the first time in a great while, I will find it more enjoyable to go on my vacation, then I will be of going home. Maybe this is what they mean about things happening in Vegas, a convenient little antidote that I will surely employ.

Yes, I am the product of my parents; and I’m damn proud of it.

So here I sit in this crowded airport waiting for my seat to be called to board this Boeing airliner that is to serve as my chariot for this journey. I’m so boring that upon my arrival I would have to use that discrete slogan rather then tell them that I simply hung out in my hotel room watching television.

Your rating: None Average: 2 (1 vote)

. Growing up, they would take my sister and I on vacations, but it seemed to me that my father was always more excited about coming back home then us kids were of going.

Might kind as quite a surprise to learn that I have became a travel writer for a travel newsletter. Will the lights welcome me in? Will the room be as comfortable as it sounded when the travel agent described it to me? Will I think of the movie ‘Casino’ as I sit in wait in great haste for my room service meal?

I do enjoy gambling and the occasional show that my wife more then likely would drag me too, but really, other then that what is there to do in Vegas? I secretly thought that when they came up with the whole slogan; “what happens in Vegas, stays in Vegas” was meant, in some part to me. I’m not an adrenaline junkie nor am I that much of an adventurer; but I do enjoy telling stories. My wife, an emphatic traveler herself, would gladly give up her existence as she knows it to have a chance at the job that Sandra Brown has.

So, after coming to grips that no matter how much I would like to convince myself; and others that only have a passing idea of the real me, there is no way that I will be that renowned traveler. I think he felt more comfortable with his surroundings when he knew what channel ABC was on so that he wouldn’t miss his evening news. Traveling the world, staying at wonderful and exotic places and reporting it all back to the people on the other end of the television; people like me who think that it might be better to watch a show about traveling to these places, as it is to actually set foot in them.

I am, without question, one of the biggest home bodies that I have ever met. I enjoy taking trips, but much like my father, I find comfort in coming back home. I haven’t been in Vegas since I was 13 years old; so most would say that I have never been there. Not having seen the bright lights of Vegas, I have pre-determined notions of what to expect. I blame this on my parents; my father specifically, although my mother should carry some of the guilt. He was never really big on experimenting with different foods either. The Travel Channel, if memory serves me correctly, did a story on this hotel; but I’m not positive how I felt about it one way or another. Sometimes that feeling of comfort overshadows the pure excitement that I had counting down the minutes before my vacation; but I put on a brave face and I trek on.


My trip to Vegas is here. To this day he will not eat any type of fish unless my mother prepares for him…same way every time.

I was looking for some travel ideas when I came across a deal going to Las Vegas from Miami and staying at the Stratosphere Hotel. My laptop is as important to me as bug spray on my trip, because no matter where I go, the one thing that needs to be done is to record it all

Liverpool Legend Robbie Fowler Signs on as Official Ambassador to Fun88.com

He earned the nickname “God” from the Anfield faithful and rightly became a legend of the club, where he has scored 183 goals and won numerous accolades and trophies.

Fowler is the sixth highest goal-scorer in the history of the English Premier League and holds the record for the fastest ever hat-trick in the Premier League, in a time of four minutes and 33 seconds. We believe that his appointment would resonate well with our customers and we are delighted to be associated with an iconic footballer such as Robbie.”

Fowler played his first game for England in March 1996 and went on to earn a total of 26 caps, scoring seven goals.

Fowler is probably best remembered during his time at Liverpool Football Club. “The decision to appoint Robbie was a no-brainer. “We are truly excited to have signed Robbie as Fun88 ambassador for the upcoming season,” said Nathan Walker, Fun88 Spokesperson. He is a true footballing legend who is widely admired and recognized in Asia. He has also been voted the PFA Young Player of the Year for two consecutive years in 1995 and 1996.

The 2000-01 season was perhaps the most successful in the striker’s career where he played a key part in Liverpool Football Club’s cup treble winning season.

Isle of Man, United Kingdom, August 06, 2014 –(PR.com)– Fun88 is pleased to announce the signing of well renowned former football professional, Robbie Fowler, as their official ambassador for coming 2014/2015 football season.

In an illustrious career spanning 19 years, Fowler has played for numerous clubs, domestically and abroad, such as Leeds United, Manchester City, North Queensland Fury, Perth Glory and Muangthong United.